Psalm 30(29) : 1, 3 - 5, 10 - 12 ( NRSV )

I will extol you, O LORD,
for you have drawn me up,
and did not let my foes rejoice over me.(1) . . ,
O LORD, you brought up my soul from Sheol,
restored me to life
from among those gone down to the Pit.1(3)
Sing praises to the LORD,
O you his faithful ones,
and give thanks to his holy name.(4)
For his anger is but for a moment;
his favour is for a lifetime.
Weeping may linger for the night,
but joy comes with the morning.(5) . . ,
Hear, O LORD, and be gracious to me!
O LORD, be my helper!(10)
You have turned my mourning into dancing;
you have taken off my sackcloth
and clothed me with joy,(11)
so that my soul may praise you
and not be silent.
O LORD my God,
I will give thanks to you forever.(12)

Comment

     The traditional Hebrew response to God's actions was praise and thanksgiving. They noticed a change in their community's fortunes and attribute the turn-around to God's power-for-life. The traditional Psalms of Praise receive new impetus in the light of Jesus' resurrection.
        A song of thanksgiving because YHWH has rescued the speaker from death. It's also an invitation to the faithful, rescued ones, to do the same. The speaker sketches the history of the relationship with YHWH. From well-being, to the "pits of Sheol" and then, to "new life"! Because the new life is given only by YHWH silence is impossible - sullenness, depression, numbness and despair are ended!
        The response to this inexplicable and unexpected new life is the speaker's confession of thankful praising. The voicing of such gratitude is a sign of commitment to the new life which is only possible among those who vividly remember their situation before their rescue! The speaker wants to keep the memory alive, so that the transforming moment is kept alive too! In that moment are found both the empowering for life and the reasons for pasionate praising of YHWH.
 
footnotes:
Psalm 30 An individual thanksgiving in four parts: praise and thanks for deliverance and restoration (vv.2-4); an invitation to others to join in (vv.5-6); a flashback to the time before deliverance (vv.7-11); a return to praise and thanks (vv.12). Two sets of images recur: 1) going down, death, silence; 2) coming up, life, praising. YHWH has delivered the psalmist from one state to the other.
1. [ v.3 ] Sheol . . the Pit: The shadowy underworld residence of the spirits of the dead, here a metaphor for near death.
 

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